PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS AND PUPILS’ RETENTION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS AND ILLELA TOWN
The study investigated psychosocial factors (socio-economic, socio-cultural and geographical factors) and pupils' retention among primary schools in Sokoto metropolis and Illela town. A correlational survey research design was adopted with a questionnaire as the major instrument for data collection. The study population consists of 1,144 classroom teachers and 75 education officers from Sokoto metropolis and Illela town. The stratified random sampling technique was used to select a total of 220 respondents (primary school teachers and SUBEB officials) across Sokoto metropolis and Illela town, stratification was based on the dimensions of local governments. The researcher designed and validated instruments tagged Pupils' Retention Scale (PRS) with a reliability index of 0.79 and Psychosocial Inventory Scale (PIS) with a reliability index of 0.86, 0.83, and 0.89 respectively were used for data collection. Data were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Analysis of Variance – ANOVA statistics, findings indicated a significant relationship between the socio-economic factors and pupil's retention, geographical factor and pupil retention. However, there was no significant relationship between the socio-cultural factors and pupils' retention. Part of the recommendations stated that highly robust and proper school mapping should be implemented to enforce standard school locational planning when establishing new schools to improve the efficiency of the education system.
Copyright (c) 2021 Lateef Adeyemi Yusuf, Malami Sifawa Aminu
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