• Lucky Omoede Aimiyekagbon Department of Curriculum and Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
  • Odion Ohita Omole Department of Social Studies, School of Arts and Social sciences College of Education, Igueben, Edo State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Social norms, misconceived values, state institutions, corrupt practice incidence.



The study illustrated how the misconceived values of the citizens of a country are susceptible to predispose them to corrupt practices tendency using a conceptual model. The model is a four-square schema that divides countries of the world into four zones (A, B, C and D) with the Weberian ethical standard (acceptable societal values) and patron and client ethical standard (misconceived values) operating in opposite directions; and the public interest and private network interest operating opposite one another as well. It focused on the relationship between social norms, misconceived values and state institutions concerning corrupt practices incidence. Based on differences in the quality of citizens of the various zones in terms of understanding and internalization of the Weberian ethical standard (acceptable societal values), civic competencies acquired through education, public interest-driven mindset and the measures of social sanctions employed by states corruption level differs from zone to zone. It is small in zone A, big in zone B, becomes bigger in zone C and expands and becomes biggest in zone D. Nigeria was located in zone D because of the enormity and prevalence of misconceived values that increased private network interest mindset among citizens. The paper recommended among others that if the country has to move from zone D to A, corruption control must be carried out without regard to whose ox is gored in how it is prosecuted. Also, social values and institutions that work as enabling environments for corruption to strive have to be transformed, and the school curriculum should be overhauled to improve the civic competencies of citizens.


How to Cite
Aimiyekagbon, L., & Omole, O. (2021). CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF CORRUPTION: THE MISCONCEIVED VALUES PERSPECTIVE IN NIGERIA. Sokoto Educational Review, 20(1&2), 21-29. Retrieved from